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Organic Agriculture and Sustainability
05.04.2020

Organic agriculture has gained immense popularity in recent years due to the belief that it is safer and better for the environment and human health because it is inherently free of synthetic chemicals that are often harmful.

Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promotes fair relationships and good quality of life.

What potential does organic agriculture have for solving the problems of hunger and poverty?

What can organic agriculture contribute to achieving socially and ecologically sustainable development in poor countries?

 

Organic agriculture has the potential to fulfill the food requirement of the world with sustainable resource utilization. This article illustrates how organic agriculture plays a role in the sustainable utilization of resources in food production as well as development with less pollution and contribution to greenhouse gases; ultimately climate change.

Recent research in the field concluded that organic farming is better equipped to feed us now and well into the ever-changing future.

 

As Organic yields match conventional yields, Organic outperforms conventional in years of drought, Organic farming uses 45% less energy and is more efficient, Conventional systems produce 40% more greenhouse gases. Organic agriculture offers a unique combination of environmentally-sound practices with low external inputs while contributing to food availability.

 

Organic agriculture can contribute to meaningful socio-economic and ecologically sustainable development, especially in poorer countries. This is due on the one hand to the application of organic principles, which means efficient management of local resources (e.g. local seed varieties, manure, etc.) and therefore cost-effectiveness.

On the other hand, the market for organic products - at local and international level - has tremendous growth prospects and offers creative producers and exporters excellent opportunities to improve their income and living conditions.

Establishing organic agriculture is a viable alternative for a particular holding needs to be carried out on a case-by-case basis.

Organic agriculture is the promotion of soil fertility, biodiversity conservation, production methods adapted to the locality and avoidance of chemical inputs.

 

These methods, together with the cultivation of a diverse range of crops, stabilize the delicate ecosystems in the tropics and reduce drought sensitivity and pest infestation. Organic agriculture reduces the risk of yield failure, stabilizes returns and improves the quality of life of small farmers' families and local societies.

 

To avoid ill effects of the conventional farming system it’s an urgent need to adopt the organic farming practices, it not only improves the health of the human community by providing safe food but also has the potential to mitigate climate change mostly claimed on the basis of assumptions concerning the soil carbon sequestration potential of organic management. Organic agriculture is the way towards the sustainable development of mankind.

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